According to the Ministry of Energy Transition and Sustainable Development, the coastline in Morocco extends over 3,500 km of coastline.
Rich in marine and terrestrial biodiversity and in fisheries and landscape resources, it is a sensitive place with many economic and social challenges and represents a rich and varied ecological and environmental heritage.
This space provides the resources at the base of various economic activities (forestry, fishing, pastoral and forestry activities, etc.), which explains the human and urban concentration, increasingly increased, sustained and dense on these spaces and leads irremediably to the increase in anthropogenic pressures, the extreme effects of climate change and conflicts over the use of this fragile territory.
Indeed, the pressures it is subjected to (construction on the dune belts, pollution of all kinds, overexploitation of resources, etc.) are due to the various activities that are developing there (tourism, fishing, exploitation of geological resources, agriculture, industry, etc.), often incompatible with the preservation of its environment, in the absence of appropriate development, enhancement and preservation plans.
As part of actions aimed at preserving the coastline, two legal and regulatory texts were adopted in 2015, namely Law 81-12 relating to the coastline (published in Official Bulletin No. 6404 on October 15, 2015), Decree n°2-15-769 which was published on January 7, 2016 and which made it possible to emphasize the composition, competences and operating methods of the national commission for integrated coastal management and regional commissions integrated coastal management as well as on the methods for drawing up the National Coastal Plan (PNL) and regional coastal plans.
In accordance with the provisions of Articles 6 and 7 of Law 81-12 relating to the coast, the Regional Coastal Schemes (SRL) must be drawn up by the government authority responsible for the environment as specified in Article 16 of Decree No. 2-15-769, taking into account the objectives and orientations of the PNL in accordance with the provisions of Decree No. 2.21.965 approving the said National Coastal Plan (PNL).
In this sense, the direction of the observation, studies and planning of the department of sustainable development under the ministry of energy transition and sustainable development recently launched, as contracting authority, a call for tenders to develop the regional plans of the littoral in two lots, of two regions, in this case those of Dakhla-Oued Eddahab and Guelmim-Oued Noun.
For each lot, the purpose of the study is to: set the basic guidelines for the development, protection and enhancement of the coast, with regard to the general vocation of the different areas and in particular the areas affected by industrial development and ports, marine culture and leisure activities, specify the measures to protect the ecosystems of the marine and land environment, and determine the vocations of the different sectors of the maritime space and the principles of compatibility applicable to the corresponding uses.